Ecstasy This material was taken from: (Holland, M.D>, Julie, Ed. 2001,
Ecstasy: The complete guide. Park Street Press. www.InnerTraditions.com).
Chemical Name: MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine)
Street Name: Ecstasy, Adam, X, XTC, E, Rolls
Category of Drug: empathogen (not hallucinogen)
Natural Source: Safrole is the precursor in the synthesis of MDMA.
Safrole is found in sassafras root and Myristica fragrans the tree
that gives nutmeg and mace
Similar substances are found in parsley, dill
and the calamus root (Shulgin, A and A. Shulgin, 1991. PIHCAL: A cemical
love storey. Berkeley: Transform Press)
Common contaminants:- can lead to serotonin syndrome when mixed with
Ecstasy: DXM (dextromethorphan), speet, Eve. (www.DanceSafe.org)
Drugs: methamphetamine (speed), MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine) , MDE (Eve)
Neurological effects: Increase
release of 5-HT (serotonin), dopamine, and ADH (vasopressin)
effect: increased empathy and sense of well being. "hug drug" but
decreases ability to have an erection or orgasm.
Tolerance: after first few
uses appeal decreases (already learned how to be empathic and not worth the side
effects). (p. 27)
Withdrawal: depression 2 -5 days after even one use
125 mg (p. 55)
Danger of overdose: Serotonin syndrome (fatal 10 - 15% of time)
especially likely if used in conjunction with other serotonin enhancing drugs
such as antidepressants. Hyperthermia (fever).
DEA Schedule I: Physicians not
able to prescribe