Scientific Paper

Copyright 2001 David A. Wheeler, Ph.D., PHR, CMT   Last updated 09/19/05 01:54 PM

File: scientificpaper.htm

Scientific Paper

Process of submitting a paper.

Peer reviewed

Editor receives then sends it to three experts in the field

Peers make comments on it and categorize it.

    Accept with revisions
    Reject with suggestions
    Reject totally
After acceptance
    Separate paper into parts
    Typesetter -> just the words
    Graphics -> Figures
    Tables -> tables

    Page layout editor

    Page proof for approval

General Rules:

  • past tense
  • third person
  • no bold
  • italics = underlined
  • double spaced
  • ctrl-shift-enter is a page break


All parts of the paper are to be emailed to me in a file called xyz##timemotion.doc  xyz are your initials. ## are any two numbers you want. See emailinfo.htm for information about sending me emails.

Audience: Peer Group

Length:  10 pages of manuscript + figures

Outline of Paper

Title Page:

Title (used to categorize paper),

Author's name

Address all correspondence to:

Robert Morris University
6001 University Blvd
Moon Township, PA 15108

 or 600 Fifth Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15219

Abstract: 200 word summary of entire paper, gives main details, convince peers that you had good methods

Introduction:  Why you are doing this study and how it fits in historically. Best to include an example of  a previous study which was done using this methodology. (Page number 1 is the first page of introduction.  In MS Word, go to that page, then use the following menu: Insert | Page Numbers | Format | Start At)


    Work Area- Overhead plan view of work area

    Workers: height, weight, age, sex, years of experience, and education

    Equipment - every piece of equipment used, (model, serial number, manufacturer, place of manufacture), or say unavailable

    Job Duties - List job duties and nonwork. First paragraph lists all duties. One paragraph per duty which describes the job tasks.

    Experimental Design - how data was collected, when it was collected, any explanations. [Requirement for class: 4 hours of observation or 50 transactions]

    Time-motion analysis - figure pie chart of how they spent time.  Overall results in first paragraph then at least one paragraph for each duty.

    Ergonomic Analysis - one piece of equipment and analyze it in detail.

Conclusions and Recommendations
    Time-motion analysis - over all conclusions to start out.  Then go through each duty even if everything was ok, give a conclusion.  Make recommendations where needed.  If it is in the results it needs to be in here.  If it is in here, it needs to be in the results.

    Ergonomic analysis- recommendations and conclusions about the equipment you analyzed. Will have references to backup conclusions and recommendations.

References- 5 references min.: 1 refereed  journal, 1 internet site, 3 others


Figures- 1 per page. Title at top.  Figure number and caption at bottom of page.


Sample paper, bjrtimemotion.doc

Grading Rubric:

Preliminary Drafts:  Graded on completeness not content. Outline only -20. Missing section in Methods -5. Missing section in other drafts, - 20.  Late preliminary drafts: - 1 per hour up to a maximum of -10 per day up to maximum of - 50.  Once final draft is due, no more credit for preliminary drafts. Drafts turned in before due date will be given feedback.  Drafts turned on on the due date or later will be quickly graded and returned without comments.

Late final draft: - 1 per hour up to a maximum of -10 per day up to maximum of - 100

Every place I put a comment or grade in the paper, I will start it with an [.  In your word processing program, do a search for [ to find your grades and comments.

Final paper:

Abstract: too long, - 10.


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